Melanoma is one of the leading causes of deaths due to skin diseases across the world and is regarded as the most dangerous type of skin cancer. In the past, cases of melanoma were rare but
nowadays it is a disease on the rise. Early detection is extremely important because reversing or limiting the damage in the latter stages of the disease is next to impossible. In this article,
we discuss on early melanoma diagnosis and further discuss on the various skin melanoma treatments. If you are interested to know more, take a look at Stages Of Melanoma.
The onset of melanoma basically begins with the normal skin changing into a darker tinged color or else it develops into a mole. Certain moles which are present during birth also have a chance of developing into melanoma.
Melanoma can appear on the face, neck and arms and in rare cases can also appear in the mouth, iris of the eye, urinary tract and small intestine. However people who are exposed to sunlight are the most prone to contracting melanoma as UV rays tend to have a harmful effect on the skin. The chances of melanoma occurrence also increases with age and according to a recent study more than 90 percent people who suffered from its symptoms were people above the age of 40.
Melanoma is a killer disease and as explained a late prognosis may prove to be the person's death knell. So it is essential that melanoma diagnosis be done at the earliest. These are some of the symptoms that are seen in melanoma - One half of the abnormal skin shows a marked difference from the other, the skin no longer retains its smoothness and additionally may appear grazed. Color changes are the most obvious sign with the affected area appearing much darker than the unaffected ones. The troubled spot may also grow disproportionately often to a diameter of 6 mm.
Thus if you notice any of these suspicious skin markings, do not delay and contact a reputed skin specialist immediately. Just like any type of cancer, melanoma cancer can be cured provided the disease is in the early stages. The medical practitioner will first conduct biopsy, CT scans and X-ray tests to establish how much the cancer has spread. The skin melanoma treatment then involves chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Additionally medications such as interferon or interleukin which boost the immune system can also be used to treat melanoma.
However for patients whose melanoma has spread beyond the skin and into the lymph nodes, treatment is much tougher and often the tumors are known to reappear. Therefore the best chance of eliminating melanoma lies in detecting it at the earliest. For more info, visit Stages Of Melanoma.